If you are looking for information about enforcement and fines or infringements for roads, car parks or public transport, we have summarised them here. This section covers:
Demerit points are a penalty imposed when you break a road rule and are imposed in addition to a monetary fine.
- A driver with no driving offences has zero points. Demerit points are accumulated (rather than lost).
- Demerit points for driving offences range from 1 to 10 points and apply from the date of the offence. Some offences also result in a license suspension.
- Delays may occur when recording the offence details and associated demerit points e.g. due to a court process or if a traffic infringement notice is paid late.
- Demerit points are only valid for three years from the date of the offence. However, points older than three years could be counted if there are delayed by court processes e.g. an unpaid or contested fine.
- Traffic offences committed anywhere in Australia may cause demerit points to be recorded against you in Victoria.
If you receive an infringement notice in the mail and you were not the driver, it’s in your interest to nominate who was driving at the time, otherwise you will receive their demerit points.
Remember when buying or selling vehicles to advise VicRoads immediately (within 14 days by law), or you may have to explain why you should not get someone else’s points.
For more information on demerit points or the number of demerit points for each offence, visit VicRoads website.
Fines and infringements
If you have received a speed, red-light, toll road, parking, public transport or handwritten fine attached to your vehicle, the Victorian Government provides information about the options available to you, including a review of the fine if you believe it was unfairly issued. For more information, see the Fines Victoria website.
To find out more about speed or red-light offences and how the cameras operate, see our advice on speed and red-light cameras below.
If you have received a speed, red light, level crossing or unregistered vehicle fine, you can view the images taken by the camera at the Fines Victoria website.
If you have received a breach notice for parking in a private car park see private car park fines.
For more information on parking fines read the Victoria Law Foundation’s brochure Parking, the law and you, a guide to parking laws and signs, fines, how to appeal, the consequences of not paying a fine in Victoria, and where to get help.
Public transport fines
There are a range of laws around ticketing and behaviour on public transport. These laws are enforced by authorised officers, including protective services officers. They may also be enforced by police officers. One of the most common offences is travelling without a valid ticket. To find out about other types of public transport offences and the associated fines, visit the Victorian Government website.
- If asked by an Authorised Officer, you will need to show your ticket (myki card) and concession card, if applicable.
- If these aren’t valid, the Authorised Officer you spoke with may send a report to the Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources.
- You will be required to provide your name and address, and show proof of identity.
- Authorised Officers don’t issue warnings or fines (on-the-spot fines are no longer issued). The Department reviews the Authorised Officer’s report and can respond in a number of ways including issuing
- a fine;
- a warning;
- a court summons; or
- taking no further action.
If you are issued an infringement notice, your options will be explained on the notice itself. You can also find out more about your options on the Victorian Government website.
Private car park fines
Private car parks operate in a range of locations across Victoria. Private car park operators cannot issue parking fines or infringements - these can only be issued by an authorised government body.
Private car park operators may issue 'breach of contract' notices requesting payment for an alleged failure to obey the displayed terms and conditions of use of the car park.
For more information, including options on what you can do if you have received a breach notice see:
Speed and red-light cameras
RACV believes that both covert and overt speed enforcement is an essential part of any road safety strategy. However we do believe that speed cameras should only be used at locations where there is a proven speed related safety problem or there is the real potential for one to develop. We successfully campaigned for the location of all fixed cameras to be published and this is now available on the Government’s Cameras Save Lives website.
Legislation allows authorities to impound, immobilise or forfeit a vehicle that has been used for a high risk driving offence, dangerous driving offence or hoon driving. The vehicle does not have to belong to the offender for it to be impounded or immobilised.
To report hoon driving call the Crime Stoppers Hoon Hotline on 1800 333 000 or visit the Crime Stoppers website. If it is an emergency, contact 000.
For more information about vehicle impoundment, visit VicRoads website or see the Road Safety Amendment (Hoon Driving) Act 2010 and the Road Safety Act 1986 on the Victorian Legislation website (search under Victorian Law Today).