The future of public transport in Melbourne
With self-driving buses on trial, what will the future be for Melbourne’s public transport?
For most of us, the question of how public transport might look in 25 years is no more complicated than whether the trains will be running on time in 2042. Or if you’re a dreamer: when do I get my personal jetpack?
For the people who take a deeper interest, the term ‘public transport’ starts to change shape when they attempt to future-gaze. For example, while infrastructure development for a major city like Melbourne, such as new rail lines or freeways, best follows a very long-term plan, the actual shaping of public transport service outcomes cannot be planned for much more than a decade ahead. Everything moves too fast. Who saw Uber 10 years ago?
Brian Negus, RACV’s general manager for public policy, takes a deep breath and thinks about all the learnings RACV can bring to any debate about the future of public transport, from its own research and community consultation, to international partnerships and dialogue, as well as to what other big cities are doing.
“Sure, with the Melbourne Metro rail tunnel, the removal of level crossings, the airport rail link and filling the last gaps in our freeway system, you need to have a 20-year plan,” Brian says. “But then you need to look at the services you will run to complete a totally integrated transport plan.
A train every five minutes
“The vision for Melbourne should be a train system that runs without a timetable, which means there will be a train along every five minutes, on every line across Melbourne. The tram system would be the same and trams need to be separated from the other traffic, which is challenging.
“We have the biggest tram system in the world. We need to achieve separation where we can by redesigning the network, such as losing on-street parking where trams run. Not every road can have all transport functions.”
So Melburnians may eventually have to confront a bottom line for the city’s public transport future in that it’s unsustainable for a tram route to have two lanes of traffic as well as parking, bicycle lanes and buses running.
When it comes to buses, the RACV would recommend a major change in emphasis to Victorian Government planners. Brian argues that meandering “grandfathered routes” where buses creep through backstreets on winding, extended journeys should be shaken up. Instead, RACV would advocate for more direct, faster bus trips, delivering customers to railway stations or other hubs. ‘Feeder’ buses could do the suburban snail trail, delivering commuters to the main bus route, and that could change the concept of a suburban bus dramatically – to a mini bus, or even an Uber-based service, car-sharing or a local bicycle share network.
Mobility as a service
And this is where the potential future of Melbourne’s public transport system gets really interesting, because suddenly it’s not a train/tram/bus system any more, but an integration of everything in the transport space, including Uber, taxis, car sharing, bikes… you name it. The international term for this is ‘mobility as a service’, which is now front and centre in planning for Melbourne, as well as cities such as Vancouver and Montreal, and maybe San Francisco. (European cities tend not to be comparable to their Australian counterparts because of their much greater population density.)
We actually ask the community what they want rather than guess.
Under ‘mobility as a service’, we would all have one app on our smartphone where we would enter our starting location and destination. The trip would be booked, paid for and tracked on the app, which would plot the best route from A to B. Walk out your front door because the Uber is arriving. It will drop you at the railway station where you take the next train to an inner suburb where the app has booked you a pushbike in a bike-sharing rack. You cycle on a divided path to your destination.
RACV research has shown that there has been a 12 per cent reduction over the past decade in the number of 18 to 25-year-old Victorians getting their driver’s licence at 18, as soon as they’re allowed. Today’s young people are more willing to stay with public transport, not just leap behind the wheel of a car or ride a bike or walk, and ‘mobility as a service’ embraces that and is exploring how best to meet their needs.
RACV insights aid planning
RACV is a key player in this planning, as it asks what RACV members would like to see in Victoria’s future transport plans. It is able to take detailed, rich data to the State Government, Public Transport Victoria and other stakeholders, which is an invaluable insight into public demands.
“We actually ask the community what they want rather than guess,” Brian says. “We have a lot of research asking people how they travel, what they do while travelling, problems they see. And about autonomous cars.”
While RACV believes transport could be faster, more regular, more connected and more streamlined, the other reality is that Melbourne needs to evolve as a city so that the majority of working people are no longer heading into the CBD or surrounding inner suburbs, sometimes stuck on 40 kilometres of clogged roads to get there.
“Future business and where we live need to be closer together,” Brian says. “Jobs need to be a lot closer to the growth areas, such as Werribee, Wyndham, Epping, Whittlesea, Casey, Cardinia and Sunshine. At the moment, most jobs are within five to seven kilometres of the city centre. That needs to change to help ease the burden on transport and reduce travel time to work.”