Giving way

Give way in the road rules means a driver or pedestrian who is stopped must “remain stationary until it is safe to proceed”, or otherwise “slow down and, if necessary, stop to avoid a collision”. 

This section covers:

Giving way to buses

When driving in the left lane or line of traffic in a built-up area, a driver must give way to a bus displaying a “Give way to buses” sign when it is stopped or moving slowly, and indicating to rejoin the traffic stream from the left. 

For more information see the Victorian Road Safety Road Rules 2009 rule 77.

Giving way to emergency vehicles

A driver must not move into the path of an approaching police or emergency vehicle displaying a flashing blue or red light (whether or not it is also displaying other lights) or sounding an alarm. If you are in the path of a vehicle like this, you must move out of its path as soon as you can do so safely.

A driver must give way to a police or emergency vehicle displaying a flashing blue or red light (whether or not it is also displaying other lights) or sounding an alarm. If you are stopped you must remain stationary until it is safe to proceed, or in any other case slow down, and if necessary stop, to avoid a collision.

This rule applies despite any other rule that would otherwise require the driver of a police or emergency vehicle to give way to you.

Reduced speed limits may apply driving around stationary or slow-moving emergency or enforcement vehicles that are displaying flashing red, blue or magenta lights, or sounding their alarm. Find out more in the section on Speed Limits Around Emergency Vehicles.

Modern, quiet cars often make it difficult to hear alarms from a distance, so it’s important to keep an eye on your mirrors and know what is happening around you. If you do find yourself in the path of an emergency vehicle, don’t put yourself and others at risk by reacting impulsively.

Check around you for other vehicles and pedestrians and move out of the way as quickly and safely as possible. Remember to help out other drivers who may have to give way to emergency vehicles and give them space when needed.

VicRoads has produced a short video to help motorists understand how to safely give way to emergency vehicles which includes police, ambulance and fire services.

For more information see the Victorian Road Safety Road Rules 2009 rules 78 and 79.

Giving way at intersections and roundabouts

See the section on intersections and roundabouts.

Giving way to pedestrians

When entering a road from a car park, private property or a similar area, drivers must give way to any pedestrians on the road they are entering, or those on the footpath or nature strip the driver must cross to enter the road. This includes giving way to any bike riders on the footpath (such as children under 12). When entering areas like these from a road, drivers must also give way to pedestrians. For more information see the Victorian Road Safety Road Rules 2009 rules 74 and 75.

At intersections (except roundabouts), drivers must give way to any pedestrians at or near the road they are turning into. Drivers turning left and using a slip lane must always give way to pedestrians crossing the slip lane, even if there is no marked pedestrian crossing. For more information see the Victorian Road Safety Road Rules 2009 rules 67 to 73.

At a children’s crossing (otherwise known as a ‘school crossing’) when flags are displayed or yellow lights are flashing, drivers must stop at the stop line if a hand-held stop sign is displayed at the crossing or, a pedestrian is on or entering the crossing. Drivers must not proceed until the sign is no longer displayed towards the driver and there are no pedestrians on or entering the crossing.

Rad sign for a zebra crossing

At a pedestrian crossing, which has a Pedestrian Crossing Sign (as shown on the right) and white stripes on the road surface, drivers must give way to any pedestrians on the crossing but may proceed after giving way.

If the road ahead is blocked, drivers must not drive into a children's crossing, marked foot crossing or pedestrian crossing.

Drive with caution at any children’s crossing, even when the lights aren’t flashing or flags displayed. A pedestrian may not know the rules and could walk in front of you.

For more information see the Victorian Road Safety Road Rules 2009 rules 80 to 82.

In a shared zone, which is indicated by shared zone signs, drivers must give way to any pedestrians. For more information see the Victorian Road Safety Road Rules 2009 rule 83.

Giving way when merging

See our section on merging.

Giving way when reversing out of a driveway

See the section in Keeping Left, overtaking and other driving rules.

Giving way when u-turning

See our section on u-turns.