Most designated walks are well signed and you’ll often get out and back safely with a downloaded map, or a paper one picked up on arrival. If you choose a hike that ventures further off beaten tracks, though, buy a contour map – and know how to read it.
Also, be sure to tell someone where you’re going and what time you expect to return, so they can raise an alarm if you don’t.
Wear or carry something brightly coloured. Camouflage colours make you almost invisible to search parties. Brighter clothes also show up better in photographs of your day out.
If you do get lost, don’t panic. Stay with your group and try to identify your last known position. If you are not confident retracing your steps to your last known position or continuing on a course that must lead to a known feature such as a stream or a road, stay where you are. Keep warm, calm and seek shelter while waiting for help. In order to attract the attention of searchers in the air or on the ground, you may need to move to a clearing, water course or a location above the tree line. Place any brightly coloured items together in a block to attract attention from the air and listen out for calls or whistles from searchers on the ground. You can attract attention by making the recognised distress signal of three evenly spaced calls, shouts or whistles.
When bushwalking there’s safety in numbers, so do try to stay with your group on the trail. Always regroup at a trail junction, and if the trail is poorly marked, make sure you maintain sight contact. Encouraging slower walkers to stay near the front of the group will avoid them being left behind, and be sure to keep an eye on children who tend to run ahead. If someone in your group does become separated and cannot be contacted by phone, search the immediate area where they were last seen. If they are not found within three to four hours, call the police.
Extreme weather and fire
Always check the local weather forecast and fire warnings before setting off on a bushwalk. In hot and humid conditions, walkers risk heat exhaustion or potentially dangerous heat stroke. Avoid walking in the hottest part of the day – start early and take a midday rest, or shorten your route. Make sure you drink plenty of water before you head off as well as during the walk and wear a hat and sunscreen to avoid sunburn. On hot days, try to plan your walk near a watercourse and be careful not to overdo it on a hot day. Early signs that you might be suffering from heat exhaustion are thirst, headache, cramps, nausea or giddiness. If this happens, rest in a shaded area, remove excess clothing and drink plenty of cool water.
Avoid walking altogether if thunderstorms are predicted – chose an indoor activity for the day.
In spring and summer, it’s also essential to check for fire danger in the local area before setting off. The Bureau of Meteorology has fire rating maps which are updated twice a day during the fire season at approximately 6am and 6pm. However conditions can quickly change during the day, so these should not be relied upon alone – be sure to check BoM weather forecasts and the CFA’s Fire Danger ratings.